Carpet Care Manual - Fiber Identification


Carpet Care Manual


Fiber Identification


BURN TEST
By knowing the type of fiber you'll be cleaning or spotting you can avoid potential damage. Using the burn test offers simple identification.

Test: Cut a small tuft of carpet fiber. Hold it with a tweezers or paper clip and ignite it. Observe the flame, odor and ash. Use the chart below for identification
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FIBER FLAME ODOR ASH
NYLON
Burns slowly while melting
Celery Hard, tough bead
OLEFIN
Burns with melting
Asphalt or Paraffin Hard, tough tan bead
POLYESTER Sputters with melting Sweet Hard, tough black bead
RAYON
Burns fast without melting
Burning Paper Almost none, like paper
ACRYLIC Burns fast, white-orange color Charred Meat Irregular, hard crust
WOOL Burns slowly and sputters Burning Hair Easily crumbled black bead



FIBER CHARACTERISTICS

FIBER CHARACTERISTICS
NYLON
Nylon is very durable, resilient and soil-resistant. It offers good colorfastness. Nylon tends to stain easily and dries slowly after cleaning.
OLEFIN
Olefin is naturally stain, fade and moisture-resistant and is extemely colorfast. It cleans easily and dries very quickly compared to most fibers.
POLYESTER Polyester is naturally stain and fade-resistant and offers exceptional softness and color clarity. Polyester is not as resilient as nylon and yellows with repeated exposure to petroleum-based spotters.
RAYON
Seldom used carpet fiber since it's hard to dye.
ACRYLIC Popular fiber in the 1960's since it looks and feels like wool. It tends to fill (fuzz), so is is seldom used.
WOOL Wool is a natural fiber that does not offer the same durability and resilence as nylon. Wool is not exceptionally stain or soil-resistant and should only be cleaned with neutral pH detergents. Always avoid excess moisture when cleaning.